Television Aerials for outdoors
A tv antenna, or Television aerial, is an antenna particularly developed for the reception of more than-the-air broadcast tv signals, which are transmitted at frequencies from about forty one to 250 MHz in the VHF band, and 470 to 960 MHz in the UHF band in various nations. Tv antennas are produced in two various kinds "indoor" antennas, to be situated on leading of or subsequent to the tv established, and "outdoor" antennas, mounted on a mast on leading of the owner's home. The most typical kinds of antennas utilized are the dipole ("rabbit ears") and loop antennas, and for outdoor antennas the yagi and log periodic.
Rooftop and other outdoor antennas
Aerials are attached to roofs in numerous methods, generally on a pole to elevate it over the roof. This is usually adequate in most locations. In some locations nevertheless, this kind of as a deep valley or close to taller structures, the antenna might require to be placed considerably greater, utilizing a lattice tower or mast. The wire connecting the antenna to indoors is referred to as the downlead or fall, and the lengthier the down lead is, the higher the sign degradation in the wire.
The greater the antenna is placed, the much better it will carry out. An antenna of greater acquire will be in a position to obtain weaker signals from its favored path. Intervening buildings, topographical attributes (mountains), and dense forest will weaken the sign in numerous instances the sign will be mirrored this kind of that a usable sign is nonetheless accessible. There are physical hazards inherent to higher or complicated antennas, this kind of as the construction slipping or becoming destroyed by the climate. There are also varying nearby ordinanceswhich restrict and restrict this kind of issues as the height of a construction with out obtaining permits. For instance, in the Usa, the Telecommunications Act of 1996 enables any house owner to install "An antenna that is developed to obtain nearby tv broadcast signals", but that "masts greater than twelve feet over the roof-line might be topic to nearby allowing specifications.